What in the World is Figured Bass in Music?
Even many musicians have not heard of figured bass. Also referred to as basso continuo, a simple explanation of the term is a brief method to note chords on a musical score. In case you have never heard of it, it’s most likely because the method isn’t used now. However, it could be considered akin to, or a precursor of, a modern chord chart.
The growth of figured bass came in response to these ancient musical style evolutions. Music in the Renaissance was generally characterized by its reliance upon intervals of thirds. Obviously, คอร์ด evolve over a period of time. Because of this, it is difficult to pinpoint an exact year when this tendency shifted. Usually a new musical era is under way before anyone realizes there has been a change. Modal characteristics of Renaissance music eventually gave far more tonal music. The defining characteristic of tonal music is its own usage of fifths. This is in contrast to the prior intervals of thirds. This led the way for Baroque style music.
Composers and musicians within this period began using more elaborate instrumentation throughout the Baroque period. New musical instruments have been developed that led to the tendency. Many of them had broader array capabilities, allowing for more variety in musical scores. New playing methods were developed, giving a distinction to music of the period such as had not previously been discovered.
The more complex nature of Baroque music produced a new form of musical notation a necessity. That is the way that figured bass was born. Playing music by studying figured bass took more than basic musical abilities. With this method, the melody line and the bass line are noted on a traditional musical scale (bass clef and treble clef). The instrumentalist(s) will fill in the stability lines based on the bass note. The stability part, or the part that has been indicated but not written in the analysis, was known as the continuo.
An instrumentalist studying a dent with figured bass will see the melody notes and the bass notes. The instrumentalist would assume the continuo notes that would accompany would be a normal fifth period unless otherwise noted. If another variant has been wanted, numbers would appear on the score underneath the bass note suggesting the proper interval.
Like many trends, the usage of the figured bass method became obsolete. Nowadays, chords are frequently indicated by abbreviating their titles (i.e.,”C7″ for a C major/minor seventh chord). Very similar to figured bass, instrumentalists have some leeway to get improvisation having this type of musical annotation. This is compared to music that has every notice for every part annotated on a musical team. And such as shorthand, changes in trends and technology have greatly diminished the usage of figured bass.